What is Ectopic Pregnancy and How it Happens?
An Ectopic Pregnancy is a condition in which the fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the main cavity of the uterus. This is also called eccyesis or tubal pregnancy. Normally, the fertilized egg attaches itself to the lining of the uterus. When there is an alternation due to certain factors, implantation occurs in one of the tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus (fallopian tubes) and this is dangerous. This also can occurs at the abdominal cavity, ovary or neck of the uterus (cervix).
Causes of Ectopic Pregnancy
There is no single factor which cause tubal pregnancy. One may have many risk factors which predisposes to Ectopic Pregnancy. This includes Birth defect in the fallopian tubes or Scarring after a ruptured appendix. A condition called Endometriosis is another proved cause of Ectopic Pregnancy. Those Having had a previous ectopic pregnancy have a high risk for further tubal pregnancy in future. Other possible causes are Scarring from past infections or surgery of the female organs.
Risk Factors of Ectopic Pregnancy
The following risk factors also increase chance for an ectopic pregnancy. Women with Age over 35 and those Getting pregnant while having an intrauterine device (IUD) have high risk for Ectopic Pregnancy. If you have undergone tubal ligation and having your tubes tied is another risk factor. Which is more likely to happen 2 or more years after the procedure.
Tubal sterilization is another procedure which causes ectopic pregnancy. Having had surgery to untie tubes to become pregnant also cause risk. Studies also proves those Having had many sexual partners and women undergo Some infertility treatments have high risk for tubal pregnancy.
Early Signs and Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy
Identifying the early signs and symptoms of Ectopic pregnancy is very important. Women will show all early pregnancy symptoms, such as breast tenderness or nausea in case of tubal pregnancy. Other notable signs and symptoms includes Abnormal vaginal bleeding, Low back pain, Mild cramping on one side of the pelvis etc. Most of them notice there is No periods and Pain in the lower belly or pelvic area too.
How to Identify a Ruptured Ectopic Pregnancy ?
High risk is when the ectopic pregnancy ruptures, this is the area around the abnormal pregnancy ruptures and bleeds, symptoms may get worse. It is very dangerous and associated women may feels, Fainting or feeling faint, Intense pressure in the rectum and Low blood pressure. Those with a ruptured tubal pregnancy. also have Pain in the shoulder area which is Severe, sharp, and sudden pain in the lower abdomen.
Ectopic Pregnancy Diagnosis
First, doctors will advice for a pregnancy test and vaginal ultrasound and this should be done as fast as possible. Checking the blood level of HCG hormone (quantitative HCG blood test) is also widely used to diagnose pregnancy. HCG is a hormone normally produced to support pregnancy. Once checked frequently and if the blood level of HCG is not rising fast enough, your doctor may suspect an ectopic pregnancy.
Once Ectopic pregnancy is identified, the pregnancy cannot continue to birth (term). High risk is associated with continuing the pregnancy. The developing cells or mass must be removed to prevent complications and save the mother’s life. The women may need some emergency medical help if the ectopic pregnancy breaks open (ruptures). We have earlier told you to watch for signs and symptoms of rupture. Rupture can lead to fatal bleeding and shock. This emergency condition required Treatment for shock.
* Treatment of ruptured Ectopic pregnancy
Management of shock as per the health of affected women includes:- Blood transfusion, Intra venous Fluids transfusion (fluids given through a vein) etc. Keep the women warm, provides Oxygen and Raise the legs to support oxygenation. Surgery:- If there is a rupture, surgery is the next treatment option. This is mainly done to stop blood loss and remove the pregnancy. In some cases with severe rupture and destruction of tube, the doctor may have to remove the fallopian tube.
* Treatment For Un ruptured Ectopic pregnancy
Majority of Ectopic pregnancy’s end with no need for surgery. If it is identified earlier with not much risky signs and symptoms, Medicine that ends the pregnancy is the option. Rather than normal abortion, this comes with the need of close monitoring by your doctor.